Hardwoods Properties and grades

Hardwoods Properties and grades

Hardwoods Properties and grades.

Whatever species you choose, hardwoods are best when it comes to high density.

Properties and grades

Dimensions
Physical Properties

 
Hard Maple Soft Maple Yellow Birch White Birch Red Oak White Oak White Ash Beech Basswood Aspen Cherry Walnut
Density  (kg/m3) 659 545 608 571 612 676 613 667 417 408 551 594
Hardness (N) 7290 4380 5930 4320 6170 7130 7050 6490 2140 2140 4630 5910
Bending Strenght (MPa) 115 97,6 106 94,8 98,7 121 108 116 60,8 67,6 87,1 103
Stiffness (MPa) 14100 11100 14100 12900 11900 15500 12800 14000 9450 11200 11900 13100

 

Working Properties

Hard Maple Soft Maple Yellow Birch White Birch Red Oak White Oak White Ash Beech Basswood Aspen Cherry Walnut
Machinability Excellent Very good Excellent Very good Excellent Good Very good Good Very good Good Excellent Good
Stability Good Good Good Good Very good Excellent Very good Good Good Fair Good Excellent
Gluing Good Good Good Good Good Good Good Very good Very good Good Very good Excellent
Sandablity Very good Good Good Good Good Good Fair Very good Good Fair Excellent Very good
Nailability Good Fair Good Good Excellent Fair Good Fair Fair Fair Fair Fair
Paintability Good Good Good Good Good Good Excellent Good Excellent Good Good Good
Stainability Good Very good Very good Very good Good Good Good Good Good Good Very good Good